Hearing problems, to one degree or another, affect 4% of the worlds population. In most cases, hereditary predisposition and external factors lead to them - for example, regular presence in places with an increased level of noise, frequent use of headphones and banal aging. Also, the patency of the ear canal may be impaired due to trauma, otitis media, or cerumen.
Hearing loss can be either sudden - literally within 12 hours, or chronic. It is accompanied by a deterioration in the perception of speech and high sounds, constant noise, inability to distinguish sounds. In any case, urgent action is required, otherwise the consequences may be irreversible.
The method of treatment depends on the cause of the hearing loss and the extent of the lesion. For an accurate diagnosis, you must consult a doctor at the very first manifestations.
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Hearing loss due to external factors
With otitis media, the doctor prescribes antibiotics and rinsing with special antiseptic drugs. This removes sulfur plugs and other foreign bodies. In difficult cases, a surgical operation of varying degrees of complexity is performed - from restoration of the tympanic membrane and removal of pus to replacing the auditory ossicles with synthetic ones. If this does not help, the doctor will prescribe a hearing aid.
In case of sudden hearing loss due to damage to the parts of the auditory analyzer, you should immediately consult a doctor. The patient is injected intravenously with glucocorticoids and antioxidants, which help to improve blood microcirculation. The procedure is repeated daily for 10 days, after which nootropic and vascular drugs are prescribed. The entire period of treatment, a person must observe a strict auditory regime - no loud and annoying sounds.
If the disease has reached a chronic form, then the patient should undergo a course of therapy twice a year. If the treatment does not have the desired effect, the patient is fitted with a hearing aid. After its installation, it is necessary to undergo an inspection to correct its operation.The device can be behind the ear, and if it is ineffective, it can be partially implantable or cochlear, that is, it acts directly on the auditory nerve.
In any case, do not self-medicate. The doctor will be able to quickly and effectively select the method of treatment.